Natural spawning of the leopard grouper (Mycteroperca rosacea) in captivity in La Paz, Mexico

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Vicente Gracia-López
Minerva Concepción Maldonado-García
Marcos Fabián Quiñones-Arreola
Jorge León Sandoval-Soto
Francisco Javier Encarnación-Ramírez
Ana Gabriela Trasviña-Moreno
Gerardo Arturo García-González


Natural spawning of the leopard grouper (Mycteroperca rosacea) was studied in captivity from 2004 to 2008 under natural photoperiod conditions. Fish spawned naturally in 2006, but only 90,000 unfertilized eggs were collected. A total of 43 and 27 spawning days were observed in 2007 and 2008, respectively. Spawning season began in March and lasted until May–June and was related to an increase in water temperature from 21.1 to 23.8 °C. The mean (SE) number of eggs released each day was 101,705 (13,876) in 2007 and 40,510 (7,874) in 2008, and the total number of eggs collected in 2007 and 2008 was 4.37 × 106 and 1.07 × 106, respectively. The number of eggs collected per month was not significantly different within each year (P > 0.05), although a significant difference was observed between 2007 and 2008 (P < 0.05). The annual relative number of eggs released was 288,750 eggs·kg–1 in 2007 and 72,919 eggs·kg–1 in 2008, and viable egg production was 184,800 eggs kg–1 in 2007 and 25,375 eggs kg–1 in 2008. The fertilization rate (%) of the eggs collected daily differed significantly throughout the spawning season of 2007 (P < 0.05). The fertilization rate also differed (P < 0.05) between 2007 (61.10%) and 2008 (32.30%). Statistical analysis of the 2 consecutive spawning seasons indicated no correlation between the fertilization rate and fecundity. The effect of the moon phase on spawning was also considered. The fish spawned at dusk before total darkness. Mean (SD) egg diameter was 864.0 ± 22.0 μm.


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Gracia-López, V., Maldonado-García, M. C., Quiñones-Arreola, M. F., Sandoval-Soto, J. L., Encarnación-Ramírez, F. J., Trasviña-Moreno, A. G., & García-González, G. A. (2023). Natural spawning of the leopard grouper (Mycteroperca rosacea) in captivity in La Paz, Mexico. Ciencias Marinas, 49.



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