Seasonal changes in paralarval cephalopod communities on the southwest coast of Baja California Sur (spring and autumn 2003)

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Rubén Melvyn García-Guillén
Roxana De Silva-Dávila
Raymundo Avendaño-Ibarra


We recorded seasonal changes in the paralarval cephalopod communities collected off the southwestern coast of Baja California Sur, Mexico, during 2003. Simultaneous surface and oblique trawls were carried out with CalCOFI-type nets and CTD casts during spring and autumn 2003 on board the R/V Río Suchiate (Secretaría de Marina), at 85 sampling stations (Magdalena Bay to Cape San Lucas). The paralarval cephalopod community predominantly showed tropical affinity in both seasons. During autumn, 11 tropical taxa, 2 cosmopolitan taxa, and one temperate taxon were incorporated to the paralarval community recorded previously in spring and were associated with the decrease in Subarctic Water and the entrance of warm water masses to the study region, modifying the community indexes between seasons. The canonical correspondence analysis showed 2 groups significantly correlated with chlorophyll a concentrations and zooplankton volumes. Oblique tows provide better information on the paralarval cephalopod community, while surface tows can be an efficient method for monitoring and evaluating the hatching areas of the jumbo Pacific squid Dosidicus gigas through their paralarvae, which are included in the Sthenoteuthis oualaniensis–Dosidicus gigas complex (SD complex).

Key words: paralarvae, community structure, SD complex, Baja California Sur.

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Author Biographies

Rubén Melvyn García-Guillén, Instituto Politécnico Nacional


Roxana De Silva-Dávila, Instituto Politécnico Nacional


Raymundo Avendaño-Ibarra, Instituto Politécnico Nacional